Muhammad Khaidar Dulaty (1499-1551)

One of the outstanding sons of the Kazakh people, forgotten in the times of the totalitarian system, is Muhammed Khaidar Dulati, who lived and worked in difficult times. Full name sounded Dulati Mirza Muhammad Khaidar Muhammad Husain Bon Duglat Roper.
Muhammad Khaidar Dulati born in 1499 in Tashkent, died in 1551 in Kashmir valayate in Hindustan. The famous historian, writer. In the literature known as Haydar Mirza, Mirza Khaidar. Muhammad Khaidar Dulati is the author of the epos "Jahan-nama" logged into a historical guide to Mogulistanu and border areas it - "Tarihi Rashidi."
East Turkestan, part of the state Moghulistan. They occupied positions ulusbekov, tarkhans and manage their hereditary possession - Manglano-Subenom. Amir Polatshy (Puladchi) Dulat in times Chagatai collapse of the state in the middle of the XV century appointed Tugylyk Timur Khan eastern part of the state. Another ancestor of Muhammad Khaidar Dulati - Amir Hudaydat - during his tenure as ulusbekom replaced six Mogol khans to the throne.
Grandpa Muhammad KHaidar Dulati - Mirza Muhammad Khaidar rules Kashgar until 1480, his father Muhammad Husain was one of the companions of Sultan Mahmud Khan, who ruled in the late XV - beginning of XVI century the eastern part Mogolistan. Mother of Muhammad Khaidar Dulati, Khansha Hubnigar, was the daughter of Zhunis Khan, who, in turn, by the mother was a cousin of the Sultan Said and founder of the Mughal dynasty Zakhar-al-Din Muhammad Babur, who ruled India.
Childhood of Muhammad Khaidar Dulati comes at a time of Timur dynasty sunset state in Central Asia, which took place under the pressure of Uzbek nomads Mohamed Sheibani, Moghulistan collapse and the elevation of the Kazakh Khanate. After his father died during the war between the Sultan Mahmud Khan and Khan Mohammad Sheibani relatives Muhammad Khaidar Dulati sent him to Kabul to Babur. Muhammad Khaidar Dulati participated in the campaign arranged by Babur at Maurya. Since 1512 Mohammed Haydar Dulati while in the palace of the Sultan Said Khan to Kashgar occupied prominent military and other court positions. He took part in the war with Abu Bakr for Kashgar and Zharkent in 1514, as well as in military campaigns to Kyrgyzstan, southeastern Kazakhstan and Tibet. Mohammed Haydar Dulati educated heir to the throne of the Khan - Abu al-Rashid Sultan.

According to Babur, Mohammed Haydar Dulati had encyclopedic knowledge. He was aware of all the political events known politicians. Mohammed Haydar Dulati was a good connoisseur of the history of Kazakhstan and Central Asia, Moghulistan, especially of the feudal tribe Dulat. In 1541-1546 years in Kashmir, he wrote, "Tarikh-i Rashidi" ("History of Rashid").
This work Mohammed Haydar Dulati written in Persian, based on transmitted from generation to generation, stories about the past Dulats legends Mughal, secret documents preserved in the palaces mogulskih Khans witness accounts and their observations. The author also used the historical works of such well-known scientists of the past as Zhuveyni, Jamal Karshi, Rashid al-Din, Sharaf al-Din Ali Yazdi, Abd al-Razak Samarkani and others. All of this allows us to characterize this work as a historical reference, based on clear historical data. Mohammed Haydar Dulati left very valuable information concerning the medieval history of the Kazakhs.

"Tarikh-i Rashidi" contains a lot of information about the formation of the Kazakh Khanate, on further developments in Zhetysu and East Dasht-i-Kipchak, fall Moghulistan feudal wars, the establishment of friendly alliances among Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in the fight against an external enemy. The paper also has a lot of valuable data on the socio-economic situation in the southern and eastern Kazakhstan in XV-XVI centuries, the historical geography of medieval Kazakh Zhetysu, urban and agricultural culture of Kazakhs.
"Tarikh-i Rashidi" consists of two notebooks. The first details the history of the rulers Mogolistan - Chagatai Khans dynasty. The second notebook is made in the form of memories, it is a question of historical events up to the conquest of Mirza Muhammad Haidar (grandfather Dulat) Kashgar. Also tells of the struggle of Sultan Said Khan for power Mogolistane, the conquest of land and the tribe Dulat creation in 1541 Mogolistan, a desire to restore the old dynasty Chagatai possession Mogolistan - Zhetysu and Tien Shan, about the relationship between the Mughal dynasty Chagatai khans and Kazakh khans . "Tarikh-i Rashidi" also encompasses the historical events that took place in the XV-XVI centuries in Central Asia, Eastern Turkestan, Afghanistan, India. Today, translated into Persian and Turkish versions of "Tarikh-i Rashidi" kept in St. Petersburg, Tashkent, Dushanbe
Abu-al-Rashid, sat at the back on the throne in 1533, for fear of their tribesmen, began to pursue them. A cousin of Mohammed Haydar Dulati, Saeed Mohammed, killed Dulat, after which Mohammed Haydar Dulati fled to India. There he led the Warriors in the palace of the Mughals.

Muhammad Khaidar Dulati died in 1551 during an uprising of local residents.
Kazakhstan has been paying great attention to Dulati after receiving the Republic of Kazakhstan's independence. It held a special conference dedicated to its 500th anniversary under the auspices of UNESCO. Mohammed Haydar Dulati life and his work deserves a more in-depth study and knowledge of it - widespread among people.
Nearly five centuries back to us the great scholar, writer, poet, statesman and military leader Mohammed Haydar Dulati (1499-1551 gg.). Finally we were able to draw a wealth of information of its unique historical works "Tarikh-i-Rashidi," a source of objective information on Central Asia. He wrote poetry and Turkish treatise on the geography of "Jahan-nama." But the model of scientific and artistic works is his work "Tarikh-i-Rashidi", where "Rashidi" means "following the true doctrine", "staying on the right track."